Ladakh the Persian adaptation of the Tibetan La-dvag or the “land of high passes” is the
northernmost province of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and lies betwixt the
Karakoram mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south,
colonized by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. At times it is also known as “Little
During its good old days the domain constituted the the Indus Valley, Baltistan (Baltiyul)
valleys,Lahaul ,the remote Zangskar, and Spiti to the south,Ngari and Aksai Chin covering
Guge and the Rudok region, in the east, and the Nubra valleys to the north.
Ladakh’s peculiarly level headed traditional civilization has much to demonstrate the West in
details of ecological perception. While most Ladakhis are not rich in terms of money but their
conventional mud-brick logins are massive, pleasant and self-sufficient. In terms of fuel and
dairy stocks, organic vegetables and barley are used to make chhang (barley booze) and
tsampa (roast barley flour) . Such self-sufficiency is an unbelievable accomplishment given
to the precise budding season and very finite cultivable land. In this hillock desert, where
water supplies must be stiffly channelled from glacier-melt mountain streams.
Ladakh is defined by the walls of vivid mountains. This makes for cohesive sceneries but
mind that the road access craves crossing anguishing high passes which close generally
around October to May or longer during heavy snowfall.
In optimum winters the temperature in Ladakh goes towards the lower position to about 30
Degree Celsius in Leh and Kargil and near about 50 Degree Celsius in Dras. Temperatures
prevail in minus for practically 3 months from December to the month of February. But on
lucid sunny days it becomes very hot and one can get suntanned. Due to the geographical
location of Ladakh, the rainfall is less. The rainfall is throughout 50 mm per annum. It is the
melting snow which makes the durability of human and animals viable. In the desolate like
photograph one may come across the dunes or or as it may be causally to the dust storms.
The weather and climate of Ladakh exhibits enormous diversification. On one hand, you can
get frigidity due to the extreme cold weather circumstances while on the other hand the
piercing sun can give you sunburn, if not well guarded. The summers in Leh Ladakh combat
a medium climate in the dimension of almost -3° C to 30° C. Leh Ladakh experiences
combats cold winters with heavy snowfall. The ordinary temperature in the winter season is
around -20° C to 15° C. While packing for a trip, you should keep the weather and climate of
Ladakh in mind. Some of the things that you should carry are a goggles,hat or woolen cap,
thick socks,woolen clothing,windcheaters, gloves, scarves, boots or walking shoes,
How to get to Leh?
All year round, even in winters flights to Leh are open for booking. The Leh Airport is a
military airport so the security checks are a little more acrimonious than customary. Please
carry a printout of your e-ticket before getting into the airport, if you by any means fail to
bring the printout your entry can be denied. From the airport, taxis are regularly accessible to
take you to your destination
From Jammu and Kashmir or from Manali, if you're devising to advent Leh in a bus, get
ready for an adventurous some rutted ride. It’s got what it takes to become the ride of a
lifetime and will take at least 4 days to get you to the place, starting at New Delhi.
Pathankot and Chandigarh are in spitting distance railway stations to Leh, yet a three-day
bus ride away. This is one route that most travellers to Leh avoid.
Modes of transportation to be used to travel around
There are plenty of different means of transportation inside Ladakh like Train, Bus ,Car, &
Taxi. Local/public transport is available all the time in Ladakh.Transportation in Ladakh is
equitably effortless to make use of.Local rails and roads are the supreme ways to move from
point to point . For transportation within Ladakh, you can hire a cab or taxi for allotted span
of time from the renting agencies. This is the supreme method of transportation in Ladakh as
you can take all your the time you need to appreciate the various attractions.Local buses are
other means of transportation in Ladakh which are easily accessible. There are many
different modes of transportation within Ladakh like Car, Train, Bus & Taxi.
About passes in and around ;-
5.615 m Kardungh La – Pass – the highest pass on earth!
5.390 m Tanglang La – Pass- the second-highest
5.360 m Chang La – Pass – the third-highest
5.300 m Wari La – Pass
5.050 m Namshang La – Pass
5,019 m Lachungla – Pass
5,000 m Polokangla – Pass
4,900 m Namshingla – Pass
4,908 m Kanglajal la – Pass
4,890 m Baralacha la – Pass
4,740 m Nakila – Pass
3,978 m Rohtang la – Pass
Situated about 75 kms from Keylong, Baralacha La is at an elevation of 16,040 feet across
the Bhaga river. It is the beginning point of several treks in Leh Ladakh region including the
famous Suraj Tal trek and Chandra Tal trek. It is always preferable to make one’s way
across Baralacha La pass before noon as the melting snow on the higher altitudes of this
pass makes it difficult to cross it as the day advances.
Tanglang La Pass
Tanglang La on the Manali – Leh highway is at an elevation of 17582 ft is the topmost point
on the highway. On the Manali – Leh route Tanglang la is like the gateway to Leh. The
highlights of the Manali – Leh highway are the Gata Loops and Tanglang La. Nearly all of the
mountain passes in Leh a small temple and a marker stone with the altitude of the pass
mentioned on it so is on Tanglang la also.
Chang La Pass
The gateway to Changthang, Chang La at an elevation of 17,590 ft is the third highest
motorable pass. A shrine devoted here to Chang La baba after whom the pass is also
named. The nearest settlement is Tangste is. Tourists visiting Chang La pass are served
with free tea by Indian army.
ITBP built the Marsimek-La pass at an elevation of 18634 ft, which makes unsupported
declairs of being the lofty motorable pass in the world! 35 kms from Pangong Tso,Marsimek-
La is on the northern-most tip of the Plateau
1. About it
Manali Leh Road