Additional information about Ladakh.

Ladakh

Introduction

Ladakh the Persian adaptation of the Tibetan La-dvag or the “land of high passes” is the

northernmost province of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and lies betwixt the

Karakoram mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south,

colonized by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. At times it is also known as “Little

Tibet” .

During its good old days the domain constituted the the Indus Valley, Baltistan (Baltiyul)

valleys,Lahaul ,the remote Zangskar, and Spiti to the south,Ngari and Aksai Chin covering

Guge and the Rudok region, in the east, and the Nubra valleys to the north.

Ladakh’s peculiarly level headed traditional civilization has much to demonstrate the West in

details of ecological perception. While most Ladakhis are not rich in terms of money but their

conventional mud-brick logins are massive, pleasant and self-sufficient. In terms of fuel and

dairy stocks, organic vegetables and barley are used to make chhang (barley booze) and

tsampa (roast barley flour) . Such self-sufficiency is an unbelievable accomplishment given

to the precise budding season and very finite cultivable land. In this hillock desert, where

water supplies must be stiffly channelled from glacier-melt mountain streams.

Ladakh is defined by the walls of vivid mountains. This makes for cohesive sceneries but

mind that the road access craves crossing anguishing high passes which close generally

around October to May or longer during heavy snowfall.

Temperature/Climate/Weather

In optimum winters the temperature in Ladakh goes towards the lower position to about 30

Degree Celsius in Leh and  Kargil and near about 50 Degree Celsius in Dras. Temperatures

prevail in minus for practically 3 months from December to the month of February. But on

lucid sunny days it becomes very hot and one can get suntanned. Due to the geographical

location of Ladakh, the rainfall is less. The rainfall is throughout 50 mm per annum. It is the

melting snow which makes the durability of human and animals viable. In the desolate like

photograph one may come across the dunes or or as it may be causally to the dust storms.

The weather and climate of Ladakh exhibits enormous diversification. On one hand, you can

get frigidity due to the extreme cold weather circumstances while on the other hand the

piercing sun can give you sunburn, if not well guarded. The summers in Leh Ladakh combat

a medium climate in the dimension of almost -3° C to 30° C. Leh Ladakh experiences

combats cold winters with heavy snowfall. The ordinary temperature in the winter season is

around -20° C to 15° C. While packing for a trip, you should keep the weather and climate of

Ladakh in mind. Some of the things that you should carry are a goggles,hat or woolen cap,

thick socks,woolen clothing,windcheaters, gloves, scarves, boots or walking shoes,

sunscreen, etc.

How to get to Leh?

By Air

All year round, even in winters flights to Leh are open for booking. The Leh Airport is a

military airport so the security checks are a little more acrimonious than customary. Please

carry a printout of your e-ticket before getting into the airport, if you by any means fail to

bring the printout your entry can be denied. From the airport, taxis are regularly accessible to

take you to your destination

By Bus

From Jammu and Kashmir or from Manali, if you're devising to advent Leh in a bus, get

ready for an adventurous some rutted ride. It’s got what it takes to become the ride of a

lifetime and will take at least 4 days to get you to the place, starting at New Delhi.

By Train

Pathankot and Chandigarh are in spitting distance railway stations to Leh, yet a three-day

bus ride away. This is one route that most travellers to Leh avoid.

Modes of transportation to be used to travel around

There are plenty of different means of transportation inside Ladakh like Train, Bus ,Car, &

Taxi.  Local/public transport is available all the time in Ladakh.Transportation in Ladakh is

equitably effortless to make use of.Local rails and roads are the supreme ways to move from

point to point . For transportation within Ladakh, you can hire a cab or taxi for allotted span

of time from the renting agencies. This is the supreme method of transportation in Ladakh as

you can take all your the time you need to appreciate the various attractions.Local buses are

other means of transportation in Ladakh which are easily accessible. There are many

different modes of transportation within Ladakh like Car, Train, Bus & Taxi.

About passes in and around ;-

 5.615 m   Kardungh La – Pass – the highest pass on earth!

 5.390 m   Tanglang La – Pass- the second-highest

 5.360 m   Chang La – Pass – the third-highest

 5.300 m   Wari La – Pass

 5.050 m   Namshang La – Pass

 5,019 m   Lachungla – Pass

 5,000 m   Polokangla – Pass

 4,900 m   Namshingla – Pass

 4,908 m   Kanglajal la – Pass

 4,890 m   Baralacha la – Pass

 4,740 m   Nakila – Pass

 3,978 m   Rohtang la – Pass

 Baralacha La

Situated about 75 kms from Keylong, Baralacha La is at an elevation of 16,040 feet across

the Bhaga river. It is the beginning point of several treks in Leh Ladakh region including the

famous Suraj Tal  trek and Chandra Tal trek. It is always preferable to make one’s way

across Baralacha La pass before noon as the melting snow on the higher altitudes of this

pass makes it difficult to cross it as the day advances.

 Tanglang La Pass

Tanglang La on the Manali – Leh highway is at an elevation of 17582 ft is the topmost point

on the highway. On the Manali – Leh route Tanglang la is like the gateway to Leh. The

highlights of the Manali – Leh highway are the Gata Loops and Tanglang La. Nearly all of the

mountain passes in Leh a small temple and a marker stone with the altitude of the pass

mentioned on it so is on Tanglang la also.

 Chang La Pass

The gateway to Changthang, Chang La at an elevation of 17,590 ft is the third highest

motorable pass. A shrine devoted here to Chang La baba after whom the pass is also

named. The nearest settlement is Tangste is. Tourists visiting Chang La pass are served

with free tea by Indian army.

 Marsimek-La

ITBP built the Marsimek-La pass at an elevation of 18634 ft, which makes unsupported

declairs of being the lofty motorable pass in the world! 35 kms from Pangong Tso,Marsimek-

La is on the northern-most tip of the Plateau

Nubra Valley:

1. About Nubra Valley

2. Its Geography

3. Mountains ranges in Nubra Valley

4. Things to do in Nubra Valley

5. Twin Village (SUMUR AND TEGAR)

6. Shyok and Siachen

7. Turtuk

 

Pangong

1. About Pangong

2. History

3. Flora and Fauna and Geography

 

Zanskar Valley

1. Zanskar Range

2. Zanskar River

3. Flora & Fauna

 

Tso Moriri

1. About it

2. Flora and Fauna

 

Manali Leh Road

1. Manali – Leh Highway