Ladakh the Persian adaptation of the Tibetan La-dvag or the “land of high passes” is the northernmost province of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and lies betwixt the Karakoram mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south, colonized by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. At times it is also known as “little Tibet”. During its good old days, the domain constituted the Indus Valley, Baltistan (Baltiyul) valleys, Lahaul, the remote Zangskar, and Spiti to the south, Ngari and Aksai Chin covering Guge and the Rudok region, in the east, and the Nubra valleys to the north. Ladakh’s peculiarly level headed traditional civilization has much to demonstrate the West in details of ecological perception. While most Ladakhis are not rich in terms of money but their conventional mud-brick logins are massive, pleasant and self-sufficient. In terms of fuel and dairy stocks, organic vegetables and barley are used to make chhang (barley booze) and tsampa (roast barley flour). Such self-sufficiency is an unbelievable accomplishment given to the precise budding season and a finite cultivable land. In this hillock desert, where water supplies must be stiffly channeled from glacier-melt mountain streams.
Ladakh is defined by the walls of vivid mountains. This makes for cohesive sceneries but mind that the road access craves crossing anguishing high passes which close generally around October to May or longer during heavy snowfall. Temperature/Climate/Weather In optimum winters the temperature in Ladakh goes towards the lower position to about 30 Degree Celsius in Leh and Kargil and near about 50 Degree Celsius in Dras. Temperatures prevail in minus for practically 3 months from December to the month of February. But on lucid sunny days, it becomes very hot and one can get suntanned. Due to the geographical location of Ladakh, the rainfall is less. The rainfall is throughout 50 mm per annum. It is the melting snow which makes the durability of human and animals viable. In the desolate like photograph one may come across the dunes or as it may be causal to the dust storms. The weather and climate of Ladakh exhibit enormous diversification. On one hand, you can get frigidity due to the extreme cold weather circumstances while on the other hand, the piercing sun can give you sunburn, if not well guarded. The summers in Leh Ladakh combat a medium climate in the dimension of almost -3° C to 30° C. Leh Ladakh experiences combats cold winters with heavy snowfall. The ordinary temperature in the winter season is around -20° C to 15° C. While packing for a trip, you should keep the weather and climate of Ladakh in mind. Some of the things that you should carry are a goggles, hat or woolen cap, thick socks, woolen clothing, windcheaters, gloves, scarves, boots or walking shoes, sunscreen, etc.
How to get to Leh?
All year round, even in winters flights to Leh are open for booking. The Leh Airport is a military airport so the security checks are a little more acrimonious than customary. Please carry a printout of your e-ticket before getting into the airport, if you by any means fail to bring the printout your entry can be denied. From the airport, taxis are regularly accessible to take you to your destination
From Jammu and Kashmir or from Manali, if you’re devising to advent Leh in a bus, get ready for an adventurous some rutted ride. It’s got what it takes to become the ride of a lifetime and will take at least 4 days to get you to the place, starting at New Delhi.
Pathankot and Chandigarh are in spitting distance railway stations to Leh, yet a three-day bus-ride away. This is one route that most travelers to Leh avoid. Modes of transportation to be used to travel around There are plenty of different means of transportation inside Ladakh like Train, Bus, Car, & Taxi. Local/public transport is available all the time in Ladakh.Transportation in Ladakh is equitably effortless to make use of.Local rails and roads are the supreme ways to move from point to point. For transportation within Ladakh, you can hire a cab or taxi for an allotted span of time from the renting agencies. This is the supreme method of transportation in Ladakh as you can take all your the time you need to appreciate the various attractions.Local buses are other means of transportation in Ladakh which are easily accessible. There are many different modes of transportation within Ladakh like Car, Train, Bus & Taxi.
About passes in and around:-
5.615 m Kardungh La – Pass – the highest pass on earth!
5.390 m Tanglang La – Pass- the second-highest
5.360 m Chang La – Pass – the third-highest
5.300 m Wari La – Pass
5.050 m Namshang La – Pass
5,019 m Lachungla – Pass
5,000 m Polokangla – Pass
4,900 m Namshingla – Pass
4,908 m Kanglajal la – Pass
4,890 m Baralacha la – Pass
4,740 m Nakila – Pass
3,978 m Rohtang la – Pass
Situated about 75 km from Keylong, Baralacha La is at an elevation of 16,040 feet across the Bhaga river. It is the beginning point of several treks in Leh Ladakh region including the famous Suraj Tal trek and Chandra Tal trek. It is always preferable to make one’s way across Baralacha La pass before noon as the melting snow on the higher altitudes of this pass makes it difficult to cross it as the day advances.
Tanglang La Pass
Tanglang La on the Manali – Leh highway is at an elevation of 17582 ft is the topmost point on the highway. On the Manali – Leh route Tanglang la is the gateway to Leh. The highlights of the Manali – Leh highway are the Gata Loops and Tanglang La. Nearly all of the mountain passes in Leh a small temple and a marker stone with the altitude of the pass mentioned on it so is on Tanglang la also.
Chang La Pass
The gateway to Changthang, Chang La at an elevation of 17,590 ft is the third highest motorable pass. A shrine devoted here to Chang La baba after whom the pass is also named. The nearest settlement is Tangste is. Tourists visiting Chang La pass are served with free tea by the Indian army.
ITBP built the Marsimek-La pass at an elevation of 18634 ft, which makes unsupported declares of being the lofty motorable pass in the world! 35 km from Pangong Tso, Marsimek-La is on the northern-most tip of the Plateau
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