Geography of Yuksom

Yuksom has a total area of 812.16 hectares (2,006.9 acres) and is situated at an average altitude of 1,780 meters (5,840 ft). It lies in a basin-like valley surrounded by mountain ranges. With its location at the head of the Khanchendzonga National Park, it is the gateway to Mt. Khanchendzonga.  Mt. Khangchendzonga lies on the north-western side of Sikkim bordering Nepal. It dominates the land with its awe-inspiring beauty. It is majestic and has a splendid height of 28,208 feet, making it the 3rd highest mountain in the world. A popular mountaineering trek starts from Yuksom, which is well connected by a road network with Geyzing and Gangtok.

The natural environmental setting of the town, amidst rich forests, is further highlighted by its history, architecture and Buddhist legacy that evolved from the 17th century with Yuksom’s establishment as the first capital of Sikkim.

The Kanchenjunga National Park is the largest protected area in Sikkim and is the starting point for the trekking trail to Mt. Khanchendzonga. Yuksom and its hills were named in the past as Ney-Pemathang for its beautiful landscape. The forest cover in the hills consists of broad-leaved oak, birch, maple, chestnut, magnolia, rhododendron, silver fir, ash, and alder, which compliment the title of “biodiversity hot-spot” given to Sikkim.

Besides being a biodiversity hotspot, Yuksom is also the land of monasteries. Dubdi, the oldest monastery of Sikkim is located on top of Eastern banks of Rathong chu near Yuksom.


Also, check out:


About Sikkim

Best season to visit Sikkim

Demography of Sikkim

Economy of Sikkim

Entry and Exit in Sikkim

Flora and fauna of West Sikkim

Geography of Sikkim

Government of Sikkim

History of Sikkim

How to reach Sikkim

Information on Sikkim

Permits in Sikkim

Travelling within Sikkim

Treks in and around West Sikkim

Weather and Climate in Sikkim


About Yuksom

Activities in Yuksom

Attractions in and around Yuksom

Communities of people in Yuksom

Culture in Yuksom

Economy of Yuksom

Flora and Fauna of Yuksom

Geography of Yuksom

History of Yuksom

How to get to Yuksom

Information on Yuksom

Weather and Climate of Yuksom

Health and Safety in Yuksom


Attractions in Bagdogra


How to get Bagdogra

Information on Bagdogra


Dzongri Trekking Map

Goecha La Trek Map

Green Lake Trek





Mount Pandim

New Jalpaiguri Railway Station


Pemayangste monastery

Places on the trek route of Dzongri-Geochala Trek

Samiti lake

Sandakphu Phalut Trek Map

Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary

Yuksam & Dzongri Trekking Map