Although Yuksom has a good network of allopathic hospitals, district hospitals, primary health centers and sub – centers. There are Ayurvedic medical centers, Tibetan Herbal medicine centre and Homeopathic centers. People can also explore Folk medicine practiced by the community health healers.
Folk Medicine: This is an unofficial health-related practice that has traditionally existed. It is learned by word of mouth and through observation and demonstration. This medicine uses various types of traditional medicine such as herbs, tree or plants roots, fruits, insects and food types for treatment of illness ranging from AIDS, cancer, malaria, warts, sore throats to arthritis, impotence, high blood pressure and infected wounds. These practitioners can be Shamans, Spirit Medium, Herbalist, native healer, medicine man, etc. The treatment approaches adopted by each of them varies from prayer, dancing, medicinal herbs, massage, sweat baths, coining, cupping, hot and cold foods. The practitioners often visit the patients home at any time and the fees is much less than the clinics or of a doctor’s visit. The people of Sikkim consider Folk Medicine to be an important part of their health regime and give it equal importance along with the modern medical practices.
Ayurveda: This system of medicine, with its origins in India is based on the principles of Panchmohabhuta (five primary elements) of which all living and non-living bodies are made of. The system regards the eternal reality of life that though Universe is a macrocosm, the human body is a microcosm. The human body is considered as a combination of the three dosas, panchamohabhutas (five elements), seven body tissues (saptadhatu), five senses (panch- indryas), Mind (manas), Intellect (budhi), atma(soul). Good health is a result of the equilibrium among all of these elements which are a part of human body. Ayurveda aims to keep these structural and functional entities in a functional state of equilibrium to prevent and cure illnesses resulting due to their imbalance.
Tibetan Herbal medicine: This system of medicine was brought about by the migration of Tibetans. The imbalances in an individual are revealed by a combination of reported symptoms, pulse diagnosis, tongue diagnosis, and urine analysis. The doctors and therapeutics of this system follow the Indian Tridosa system; based on three humors – lung (vayu or wing) with basic concept of movement, breath, cold; Krhispa (pitta or bile) with basic concept of metabolism, digestion, fire; and Badkan (kapha or phlegm) with basic concept of restraint, lubrication, moistness, etc.
For safety it is advisable to carry warm clothes as the temperatures can drop below freezing points. During Monsoon the trekking routes can be in very bad conditions owing to accidents.