History of Sikkim

Lepchas, Sikkimese, relocated here from Assam or Myanmar (Burma) in the thirteenth century, trailed by Bhutias (Khambas) who fled from religious strife in Tibet amid the fifteenth century. The Nyingmapa type of Mahayana Buddhism touched base with three outcast Tibetan lamas who found one another at the site of advanced Yuksom. Here in 1641, they delegated Phuntsog Namgyal as first chogyal (ruler) of Sikkim. The capital later moved to Rabdentse (close Pelling), then to Tumlong (now shrouded ruins behind Phodong) before at last settling in Gangtok.

At their most intense the chogyal’s standard enveloped eastern Nepal, upper Bengal, and Darjeeling. On the other hand, much domain was later lost amid wars with Bhutan and Nepal, and all through the nineteenth century, huge quantities of Hindu Nepali vagrants arrived, in the long run coming to shape a larger part of Sikkim’s populace.

In 1835 the British influenced Sikkim’s chogyal to surrender Darjeeling toward the East India Company. Tibet, which viewed Sikkim as a vassal state, raised solid protests. In 1849, in the midst of rising strains, the British attached the whole region between the present Sikkim outskirt and the Ganges fields, repelling a counter-invasion by Tibet in 1886. In 1903-04, Britain’s genuine James Bond character Francis Younghusband twice trekked up to the Sikkim–Tibet fringe. There, equipped with minimal more than derring-do, he purposely began to impel a fracas that would “legitimize” his shocking independent attack of Tibet.

Sikkim’s last chogyal ruled from 1963 to 1975, when he was removed by the Indian government after a rebellion by Sikkim’s Nepali populace. China has never authoritatively perceived India’s case to Sikkim, so to reinforce expert Delhi estimation the Indian government has made Sikkim an assessment free zone, emptying crores of rupees into a street building, power, and water supplies and nearby industry – including alcohol creation. Thus Sikkim is shockingly well-off by Himalayan norms – and rates of liquor addiction are the most noteworthy in the nation. In the meantime, the Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) state government has earned dishonor for being the most ecologically mindful in India, banning plastic sacks and fining individuals who contaminate streams.

Also, check out:


About Sikkim

Best season to visit Sikkim

Demography of Sikkim

Economy of Sikkim

Entry and Exit in Sikkim

Flora and fauna of West Sikkim

Geography of Sikkim

Government of Sikkim

History of Sikkim

How to reach Sikkim

Information on Sikkim

Permits in Sikkim

Travelling within Sikkim

Treks in and around West Sikkim

Weather and Climate in Sikkim


About Yuksom

Activities in Yuksom

Attractions in and around Yuksom

Communities of people in Yuksom

Culture in Yuksom

Economy of Yuksom

Flora and Fauna of Yuksom

Geography of Yuksom

History of Yuksom

How to get to Yuksom

Information on Yuksom

Weather and Climate of Yuksom

Health and Safety in Yuksom


Attractions in Bagdogra


How to get Bagdogra

Information on Bagdogra


Dzongri Trekking Map

Goecha La Trek Map

Green Lake Trek





Mount Pandim

New Jalpaiguri Railway Station


Pemayangste monastery

Places on the trek route of Dzongri-Geochala Trek

Samiti lake

Sandakphu Phalut Trek Map

Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary

Yuksam & Dzongri Trekking Map