Ladakh is the highest plateau being over 3,000 m, traversing the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain bounds from the upper Indus River valley. Notably Ladakh abides by a number of distinct areas, in addition to the moderately dense Indus valley, the more obscure Zanskar (in the south) and Nubra valleys (to the north over Khardung La ), the almost deserted Aksai Chin (under Chinese rule) and Kargil and Suru Valley areas in the west (Kargil being the second most important town in Ladakh). The mountain ranges in this suburb were established over a period of 45 million years by the folding of the Indian plate into the stationary landmass of Asia. The drift continues and causing frequent earthquakes in the Himalayan region. The peaks in the Ladakh range are at a medium altitude close to the Zoji-la (5,000-5,500 meters, 16,000 – 18,050 ft), and increase towards the south-east, reaching a climax in the twin summits of Nun-Kun (7000 m, 23,000 ft).
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